Articles and Chapters
This commentary responds to papers by Jodi Dean and Stephen Healy in a special issue of Rethinking Marxism, proposing that one does not need to choose between being an anti-capitalist revolutionary attentive to the material power of capitalist colonization, or being a post-capitalist ethical subject, eschewing critique, and entirely disavowing capitalism and its forms of violence. Community economies theory can be significantly strengthened through increased engagement with two key domains of praxis that it has tended to avoid: militant cross-sector organizing and a non-totalizing critique of capital.
This book chapter challenges the conventional separations between "economy" and "ecology," proposing instead a perspective of "ecological livelihoods" in which sustenance is understood as an always-collective process of ethical negotiation involving humans and myriad living others. Drawing on and modifying Gibson-Graham's previous work on "ethical coordinates," we suggest some glimmers of what an ethical economics in an acknowledged more-than-human world might look like.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. and Ethan Miller. "Economy as Ecological Livelihood" in Katherine Gibson, Deborah Bird Rose, and Ruth Fincher (Eds). Manifesto for the Living in the Anthropocene. Brooklyn, NY: Puncum Books. http://punctumbooks.com/titles/manifesto-for-living-in-the-anthropocene/
Literature review of Urban Political Ecology. Focuses on the need for more work on environmental imaginary, governance, and the non-human.
Gabriel, N. 2014. "￼Urban Political Ecology: Environmental Imaginary, Governance, and the Non-Human". Geography Compass 8(1):38-48.
Solidarity Economy is a movement that can build power within and across scales and win supportive policy and public resources. Using the development of SE in Boston, Worcester, and Springfield, Massachusetts as examples, the article discusses the possibilities and challenges for SE projects to negotiate across differing values and politics, racial and class divides, and the challenge of accessing startup capital and building finance.
Loh, Penn and Boone Shear. 2015. Solidarity economy and community development:
emerging cases in three Massachusetts cities. (forthcoming) in Community Development. 46 (3)
Kelly Dombroski, Rochelle Stewart Withers, Trisia Farrelly
Much has been written about families and their influence on relationships and research in fieldwork, yet seldom has the absence of family in the field received analytical attention. The authors of this paper contribute to an emerging ‘anthropology of absence’ in a number of ways: We direct the focus of absence away from our participants to reflect on our own children’s absences in the field; we attend to the absence of individual persons whereas work in this field predominantly focuses on material objects and ethnic groups; we argue that the embodied traces felt in our children’s absence make mother-child relationships unique to other unaccompanied fieldwork experiences; we illustrate the relational and contingent character of absence as absence/presence as we examine the agency of our children’s absence on the process and product of our field research; and we reflect on how our children’s absence/presence in the field alters our subjectivities as mother-researchers.
This paper explores the territoriality and politics of birth. Engaging with debates that are largely polarised between discourses of natural versus medical birth, in this paper I take an in depth look at one birth story, and look for a different way to think through how women’s birth experiences might be understood. Written at the beginning of a year of research into women’s birth experiences this paper represents my early thinking in the study.
McKinnon, K. (published online Sept 2014) ‘The Geopolitics of Birth’ Area
Seeing Diversity, Multiplying Possibility: My journey from post-feminism to postdevelopment with JK Gibson-Graham
As a graduate student I first came into contact with the work and persons of JK Gibson-Graham. As I was mentored and supervised by Katherine Gibson, the piece ‘Building Community Economies: Women and the Politics of Place’ became part of my journey into feminism and feminist postdevelopment research. In this chapter, I highlight three principles I have carried with me from that time until now: starting where you are, seeing diversity, and multiplying possibility. With reference to my own developing research interests, I show how Gibson-Graham’s work is relevant and inspiring in a third wave feminist context.
Dombroski, K. Forthcoming. Seeing Diversity, Multiplying Possibility: My journey from post-feminism to postdevelopment with JK Gibson-Graham. In W. Harcourt (ed.) The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Development. Palgrave.
In water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH) literature and interventions, it is common to class households with anything other than private toilets as ‘without sanitation’. This implies that the people who use forms of hygiene and sanitation relying on collective toilets and alternative strategies are somehow unhygienic. Yet residents of Xining (Qinghai Province, China) rely on hygiene assemblages that do not always include private toilets, but nonetheless still work to guard health for families with young children. In this paper, I develop a postdevelopment approach to hygiene and sanitation based on starting with the place-based hygiene realities already working to guard health in some way, then working to multiply possibilities for future sanitation and hygiene strategies. In this approach, contemporary and future realities may look quite different from those based on private toilets.
Dombroski, K. Forthcoming. 'Multiplying Possibilities: A posdevelopment approach to hygiene and sanitation in Northwest China. Submitted to Asia Pacific Viewpoint.
Much of J.K. Gibson-Graham’s work has been aimed at opening up ideas about what action is, both by broadening what is considered action (under the influence of feminist political imaginaries and strategies), and by refusing the old separation between theory and action. But the coming of the Anthropocene forced Julie and I to think more openly about what is the collective that acts. In this lecture I ask: what might it mean for a politics aimed at bringing other words into being to displace humans from the centre of action and to see more-than-human elements as part of the collective that acts? The lecture proceeds with sections discussing 1) elements and limits of a feminist imaginary of possibility, 2) the synergies between a politics of building community economies and the political imaginary of actor network theory, and 3) the materiality of emerging community economy assemblages.
Rethinking Marxism: A Journal of Economics, Culture & Society 26:1: 76-94. 2014. Being the Revolution, or, How to Live in a "More-Than-Capitalist" World Threatened with Extinction
This paper was written as part of a suite of papers presented at a Wenner-Gren Foundation Workshop on “Crisis, Value and Hope: Rethinking the Economy”. It brings diverse economy thinking and the practice of weak theorizing to bear on the anthropological interest in producing thick description.
Current Anthropology 59, Supplement (forthcoming) 2014. Link to journal not yet available
Although communities are constantly undergoing processes of becoming the Powell River community on Canada’s Pacific coast is in a unique transitional moment when it comes to possibilities for post-industrial economic pathways. With the downsizing of its main industry and employer over the past 3 decades, community members are currently exploring a diverse range of economic possibilities that extend beyond strictly capitalist options. Reading for economic diversity can help us to identify and pursue existing and potential economic pathways that enhance wellbeing for human and nonhuman community members. Knowing that outcomes of such an emergent process cannot be taken for granted, tracking ideas and practices as we have done here is critical for this kind of collaborative research, as it helps to enhance reflexivity and inform decisions.
J. Newbury and K. Gibson, 2014 “Post-industrial Pathways for a ‘Single Industry Resource Town’: a Community Economies Approach” in I. Vaccaro, K. Harper and S. Murray eds The Anthropology of Disconnection: Ethnographies of Post-industrialism Oxford and New York: Berghahn Press. Link not live yet.
A contribution to a Book Symposium on George Henderson’s Value in Marx: The Persistence of Value in a More-Than-Capitalist World
Gibson, K. 2013. “Value in postcapitalist futures and more-than-capitalist pasts” Progress in Human Geography 37, 6: 844-847 Value in postcapitalist futures and more-than-capitalist pasts
Simon Springer’s essay on “Why a radical geography must be anarchist” offers both a useful overview of anarchism’s continued relevance to geography today and a lively provocation to relocate the political center of radical geography. In this response I think along with Springer about strategies for everyday revolution and point to many contributions that already dislodged “traditional Marxian analysis” from the moral, methodological and political high ground within radical geography. I explore some of the ways that insurrectionary geographies are being practised and are informed by an eclectic mix of political and theoretical traditions, including anarchism as well as some versions of marxism, but, more importantly are researching beyond the limits of both these political theories born of 19th century conditions and concerns.
K. Gibson, 2014 “Thinking around what a radical geography ‘must be’” Dialogues in Human Geography. Link not live yet.
This paper draws on interviews with economic development professionals in Maine (USA) to pursue two tasks: first, to explore the potentials and limits of Çalsikan and Callon's notion of "economization" as the tracing of how "the economic" is produced as a material-semiotic construction; and second, to propose an approach that refuses the assumption that the composition of collective provisioning will (or should) take the ultimate form of an "economy." Development processes and struggles can also be read in terms of the "composition of livelihoods"—beckoning toward a “transversal” politics that might open up possibilities for unexpected alliances and alternative regional development pathways.
Miller, Ethan (Forthcoming). "Economization and Beyond: (Re)composing Livelihoods in Maine, USA." Environment and Planning A.
Cultivating hybrid collectives: research methods for enacting community food economies in Australia and the Philippines
In this paper authors Cameron, Gibson and Hill discuss two research projects in Australia and the Philippines in which we have cultivated hybrid collectives of academic researchers, lay researchers and various nonhuman others with the intention of enacting community food economies. We feature three critical interactions in the 'hybrid collective research method': gathering, reassembling and translating. We argue that in a climate changing world, the hybrid collective method fosters opportunities for a range of human and nonhuman participants to act in concert to build community food economies.
Cameron, J., K.Gibson and A. Hill, 2014. Cultivating hybrid collectives: research methods for enacting community food economies in Australia and the Philippines Local Environment 19(1), 118-132.
In this introduction to a special section on non-capitalist political ecologies in the Journal of Political Ecology, we discuss how engaged researchers can significantly contribute to a meaningful "ecological revolution" by (1) examining the tremendously diverse, already-existing experiments with other ways of being in the world, (2) helping to develop alternative visions, analyses, narratives, that can move people to desire and adopt those ways of being, and (3) actively supporting and constructing economies and ecologies with alternative ethical orientations.
Burke, Brian J. and Boone Shear. 2014. Introduction: Engaged Scholarship for Non-Capitalist Political Ecologies. In Burke B.J. and B.W. Shear (eds) 2014. Non-Capitalist Political Ecologies. Special Section of the Journal of Political Ecology. 21: 127-144.
Written with Robyn Dowling this chapter offers a discussion of theories of identity in human geography, and draws on recent research by each of the authors to elaborate new challenges to the way geographers think about identity. Includes consideration of the impacts of J.K. Gibson-Grahams thinking around subjectivity, collectivity, and social change to geographers engagements with identity across different fields.
Dowling, R. and McKinnon, K. (2014) ‘Identities’, for Lee, R., Castree, N., Kitchin, R., Lawson, V., Paasi, A., Radcliffe, S., Withers, C.W.J., (eds) Sage Handbook of Human Geography, Sage Books
In this short commentary, I engage with other economic geographers reflecting on whether there is an 'Antipodean' Economic Geography. I argue that this is less a matter of fact and more of a point of gathering: by naming and gathering something called an Antipodean Economic Geography, what possibilities do we enable and disable for new kinds of economies and geographies?
Rethinking the Creative Economy: Utilizing Participatory Action Research to Develop the Community Economy of Artists and Artisans
The Rethinking the Creative Economy Project utilzed the Community Economies model and a participatory action research methodology to explore non-capitalist practices of artists and artisans in Franklin County, Massachusetts. This article begins a conversation about how to explore economic development of the creative economy in ways that strengthen artists and artisans in a postcapitalist framework.
Hwang, L. 2013. Rethinking the creative economy: utilizing participatory action research to develop the community economy of artists and artisans, Rethinking Marxism. 25(4), 501-517.
This introduction shows how J. K. Gibson-Graham's work continues to inspire current scholarship in the Marxian tradition. It provides an overview of articles published in Rethinking Marxism as Part I of a two-part symposium. Erdem, E. "Introduction: Postcapitalist Encounters with Class and Community". Rethinking Marxism 25(4), 464-468.
Article for the Planning Institute of Australia (NSW) journal.
McNeill, J. & Burkett, I. September 2013. More than numbers: A shared value approach to social impact assessment. New Planner, (96), 18-20
This articles engages with the notion of the city as capitalist space, focusing on the specific actors that come together to realign economically heterogeneous spaces into the monolithic, capitalist city.
Gabriel, N. 2013. "Mapping urban space The production, division and reconfiguration of natures and economies". City 17(3): 325–342, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13604813.2013.798478
This chapter, drawn from previous writings by J.K. Gibson-Graham, is part of a collaboration with artist Sarah Browne for the IrelandVenice 2009 exposition. The piece provides an overview of some of the core thinking that emerged in the 10 years between the publication of The End of Capitalism (1996) and A Postcapitalist Politics (2006).
In this paper co-authored with Suzanne Bergeron, we explore how international development discourse has placed women at the center of a "smart economics" approach to economic development. While we are heartened by development discourse's new found interest in economies of care and social reproduction, we are troubled by the way that an essentialized conception of gender is attached to a economic growth as usual agenda. We explore the potential of theory of the community economy, with its emphasis on the moment of ethical decision, might serve to unsettle essentialist categories of gender while redirecting the aims of the develoment process.
Forthcoming in an edited volume published by the United Nations Research in Social Development. (UNRISD).
Psychoanalysis and the Geography of the Anthropocene: Fantasy, Oil Addiction, and the Politics of Global Warming
This paper uses key concepts from psychoanalytic theory to explore the fantasies that structure social discourses around global warming and resource depletion as key features of the anthropocene. Forthcoming S. Pile and P. Kingsbury Psychoanalytic Geograpahies (London: Ashgate Press).
Phil Ireland and I collaborated on this paper during his PhD studies while I was at Macquarie University. We sought to bring together his work on Climate Change Adaptation with my thinking on post-development. We argue that when it comes to efforts to support Climate Change Adaptation in the majority world, it is important to challenge technocratic approaches that dismiss the value of local innovations. Instead we draw inspiration from the work of J.K. Gibson-Graham and their injunction to ‘refuse to know too much’.
Ireland, P. and McKinnon, K. (2013) ‘Strategic localism for an uncertain world: A postdevelopment approach to climate change adaptation’ Geoforum 47: 158-166
Written as a response to a series of commentaries on ‘Antipodean Economic Geography’ this piece draws on my fieldwork experience to question whether it is useful to invoke the ‘otherness’ of the Antipodes. I call for a habituation of the practice of ‘looking for difference’ as a way of cutting across the Antipodean-Metropole binary invoked in the discussion.
McKinnon, K. (2013) ‘A different kind of difference: Knowledge, politics and being Antipodean’ Dialogues in Human Geography 3(2) 213-216
This essay explores the discursive production of numerous, well-meaning efforts to respond to social and economic restructuring in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Drawing upon the work of Slavoj Žižek, we suggest that the focus on what is perceived to be reasonable, or realistic, is maintained by and helps to maintain, the normal workings of capitalist exploitation which appear as inevitable, natural, or altogether invisible.
Shear, Boone W. and Lyon-Callo Vin. 2013. Kalamazoo’s Promise: Exploring the Violence of Economic Development. City and Society. 25 (1): 70-91
The article discusses the theoretical openings accorded by the recognition of economic difference and contingency within the Marxist tradition, exploring their potential contributions towards imagining and enacting a postcapitalist politics of economic transformation and experimentation.
Gibson-Graham, J.K., E. Erdem, C. Özselçuk (2013). "Thinking with Marx For a Feminist Postcapitalist Politics", R. Jaeggi and D. Loick (Eds.) Marx' Kritik der Gesellschaft. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Situating wild product gathering in a diverse economy: negotiating ethical interactions with natural resources
Elizabeth (Za) Barron, Elizabeth Barron
Building on the concept of econo-sociality (Gibson-Graham and Roelvink 2009), I propose the related concept of econo-ecology to explore and interpret diverse knowledges and practices of the environment using a range of case studies centered on interrelationships between humans, plants and fungi in the United States and Scotland.
Barron, E.S. forthcoming. Situating wild product gathering in a diverse economy: negotiating ethical interactions with natural resources. In: Making other worlds possible: performing diverse economies, Roelvink, G., K. St. Martin and J.K. Gibson-Graham (eds.) Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
This paper explores and elaborates on J.K. Gibson-Graham's concept of "community economy," refracting it into three interrelated dimensions of ontology, ethics and politics, and placing them in conversation with one another via comparative explorations of both “community economy” and “solidarity economy” as contemporary articulations for radically-democratic economic organizing.
Miller, Ethan (2013). "Community Economy: Ontology, Ethics and Politics for Radically-Democratic Economic Organizing," Rethinking Marxism, 25(4).
This short essay considers the limitations of critical anthropological theory and in particular critiques of capitalism. We suggest that anthropology’s emancipatory potential can be found in an approach that embraces anthropology’s ‘moral optimism’ and merges critique with a politics of possibility.
Shear, Boone and Burke, Brian. 2013. Beyond Critique: Anthropology of and for Non-Capitalism. Anthropology News. http://www.anthropology-news.org/index.php/2013/01/10/beyond-critique/
McNeill, J. 2012. Through Schumpeter: Public policy, social innovation and social entrepreneurship. The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, 8 (1), 81-94
By drawing from the experience of a community education project, this article demonstrates how community members can understand ourselves to be part of the relational dynamics through which collective change can take place.
Newbury, J. 2012. Creating community: Reconsidering relational practice. Relational Child and Youth Care Practice. 25(3), 6-20.
In this article, the dynamics through which social processes are being increasingly individualized are called into question, and alternative constructions are offered. When subjectivity and ethics are reconceptualized, new paths for ethical engagement and non-unitary subjects begin to emerge.
Newbury, J. 2012. The paradox of the individual. International Journal of Child, Youth, and Family Studies. 4(1), 458-478.
Competing with the cartography of capitalism, undermining its power to fix resources as open to capitalist appropriation and space as enclosed, will require a cartography of the commons that makes visible community and commons processes; it will require a shift in strategy from explicating and defending existing commons to mapping spaces into which a commons future might be projected. The “Buffalo Commons” and a map-based project in New England fisheries link new spatial imaginaries with desires for and enactments of alternative economic initiatives. Each project rereads economic and environmental processes relative to the potential of the commons rather than the potential of capitalism.
St. Martin, K. 2009. “Toward a Cartography of the Commons: Constituting the Political and Economic Possibilities of Place” Professional Geographer 61(4): 493-507.
The Difference that Class Makes: Neoliberalization and Non-Capitalism in the Fishing Industry of New England
Fishing economies are typically represented as pre-capitalist and as a barrier to capital accumulation rather than as an alternative economy with its own potentials. Privatization (and capitalism) appears logical and inevitable because “there is no alternative” described or given. The class analysis presented here focuses on questions of property and subjectivity and describes fishing as a non-capitalist and community-based economy consonant with both a tradition of common property and an image of “fishermen” as independent and interested in fairness and equity. While the latter is associated with a neoliberal subject aligned with the capitalist economy, a class analysis of fishing repositions “fishermen” as community subjects aligned with a community economy.
St. Martin, K. 2007.“The Difference that Class Makes: Neoliberalization and Non-Capitalism in the Fishing Industry of New England” Antipode 39(3): 527-549.
The discourse of fisheries science and management displaces community and culture from the essential economic dynamic of fisheries. The goal of this dominant discourse is to enclose fisheries, to constitute it as within the singular and hegemonic economy of capitalism. Alternative economies, such as those based on the presence of community, are always seen as either existing before or beyond the dominant economic formation. The category of community is, nevertheless, being incorporated into contemporary fisheries science and management where it has the potential to disrupt the ontological foundations of the current management regime. This paper explores this potential disruption.
St. Martin, K. 2006. “The Impact of "Community" on Fisheries Management in the U.S. Northeast,” Geoforum 37(2) 169-184.
This paper challenges the ways in which the First World/Third World binary, coupled with a "capitalocentric" discourse of economic development, limit possibilities for economies of community, cooperation and participation. Fisheries are used as an example to argue that undermining the presence of capitalism in the First World and making space for that which has been excluded (for example, community-based and territorial fisheries) requires a new economic and spatial imaginary.
St. Martin, K. 2005. “Mapping Economic Diversity in the First World : The Case of Fisheries,” Environment and Planning A 37: 959-979.
"The commons" is often represented in terms that place capitalism at the center of the story, thus making "a commons future" difficult to imagine. This paper examines this problematic through research on the common property management regime of New England fisheries, seeking to offer alternative representations of commons that might open up economic possibility.
St. Martin, K. 2005. “Disrupting Enclosure in New England Fisheries,” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 16(1): 63-80.
This article draws on field research in New England to challenge conventional individualized accounts of fishery dynamics and develop a representation of fisheries as diverse sites of community organization and cooperative management of common property. This is a "re-mapping," both literal and figurative, of the landscapes of fishery practice as a strategy to open more possibilities for communal resource management.
St. Martin , K. 2001. “Making Space for Community Resource Management in Fisheries,” The Annals of the Association of American Geographers 91(1): 122-142.
This chapter explores how Nuestras Raices and the Alliance to Develop Power, two community organizations in Western Massachusetts, are building community economies and unsettling traditional formulas for economic development.
Graham J., and Cornwell, J. 2009. Building Community Econmies in Massachustts: An Emerging Mode of Economic Development? In Amin, A. (ed).The Social Eonomy International Perspectives on Economic Solidarity. 37-65
Worker Co-operatives and Spaces of Possibility: An Investigation of Subject Space at Collective Copies
This paper explores the production of work space and time in a worker co-operative copy shop in Western Massachusetts.
Cornwell, J. 2011. Worker Co-operatives and Spaces of Possibility: An Investigation of Subject Spaces at Collective Copies. Antipode 00 1-21 Online First
Worker Co-operatives and Spaces of Possibility: An Investigation of Subject Space at Collective Copies
This paper explores the production of space and time at a worker co-operative copy shop in Western Massachusetts.
Cornwell, J. Worker Co-operatives and Spaces of Possibility: An Investigation of Subject Space at Collective Copies. Antipode. 00 Online First 1-21
The KATARSIS research project responds to one of the most pressing questions of our times—how to live together? In EU countries this concern has focused on creating conditions for social cohesion, especially by researching the ways that processes of exclusion and inclusion operate. On the global stage the question of how to live together has gained increasing weight in recent times in the light of climate change, public health challenges and economic crisis. Hard-hitting questions about basic needs, consumption levels, capitalist surplus, and the environmental commons that have been suppressed in the language of ‘cohesion’ and ‘inclusion’ are beginning to surface.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. (2009) Socially Creative Thinking: or how experimental thinking creates ‘other worlds’.
Also presented at the Katarsis conference, 2008.
Amidst widespread concern about “the economy”, this paper explores how academic researchers can contribute to the work underway to create environmentally orientated and socially just economies. We offer the diverse economies framework as a technique with which to cultivate ethical economies.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. and Roelvink, G. 2010, The Nitty Gritty of Creating Alternative Economies, Social Alternatives, Volume 30, Number 1, 2011, pp. 29-33.
At the core of J.K. Gibson-Graham’s feminist political imaginary is the vision of a decentralized movement that connects globally dispersed subjects and places through webs of signification. We view these subjects and places both as sites of becoming and as opportunities for belonging. But no longer can we see subjects as simply human and places as human-centered. The ‘arrival’ of the Anthropocene has thrown us onto new terrain.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2010, A feminist project of belonging for the Anthropocene, Gender, Place and Culture - A Journal of Feminist Geography, Volume 18, Number 1, February 2011 , pp. 1-21(21).
Publisher: Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group
A post-development approach to world-making has arisen from a critique of the idea that development, especially economic development, is yoked to capitalist growth. This approach extends the long tradition of critique that has accompanied the hegemonic rise of a mainstream development project focused on the „problem‟ of less developed regions of the world. As we see it, the challenge of post-development is not to give up on development, but to imagine and practice development differently. Thus post-development thinking does not attempt to represent the world “as it is,” but the world “as it could be.”
J.K. Gibson-Graham (2010) 'Post-Development Possibilities for Local and Regional Developmen'. in Pike, A., Rodriguez-Pose, A., Tomaney, J., (eds) Handbook of Local and Regional Development, London: Routledge.
Katherine Gibson, Community Economies Collective
Community-based social enterprises offer a new strategy for people-centred local economic development in the majority „developing‟ world. In this chapter we recount the stories of four social enterprise experiments that have arisen over the last five years from partnerships between communities, NGOs and municipal governments in the Philippines, and university based researchers from Australia.
Community Economies Collective and Gibson, K. 2008, Building community-based social enterprises in the Philippines: diverse development pathways,
Department of Human Geography, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University, September 2008.
Also in A. Amin (ed.), The Social Economy: International Perspectives on Economic Solidarity. London: Zed Press, 2009.
The chapters in this edited collection were envisioned as conversations between scholars and indigenous collaborators from around the world. My contribution was drew from a Roundtable session with highland activists and community representatives who met in Chiang Mai in 2007 to discuss how to represent themselves as indigenous. It demonstrates an early engagement with a methodology of conversation
McKinnon, K. (2012) “Being indigenous in Northern Thailand”, in Venkateswar, S. (ed) The Politics of Indigeneity: Dialogues and reflections on indigenous activism, Zed Books: 145-171
By pragmatically drawing connections across theoretical differences, it is hoped that researchers will engage critically with their own theoretical commitments and assumptions, thus opening themselves up to new possibilities and to new creative ways of coming together.
Newbury, J. 2011. A place for theoretical inconsistency. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. 10(4), 335-347.
In response to the concern expressed by some senior Chinese Studies academics over young scholars 'deserting to the disciplines', Kelly suggests that Gen Y are less interested in 'understanding China' and more interested in interdisplinary, culturally engaged (yet cross-cultural and collective) thinking for a new and better world - of which China is an important part.
Dombroski, K. 2011. Writing in the Margins: Gen Y and the (im)possibilities of 'understanding China'. China Studies Association of Australia Newsletter.
Inspired by and written for the global #Occupy Movement, this text is part theory, part strategy and part call-to-action for the immediate and long-term work of identifying and seizing spaces of democratic practice (occupy!), linking them together in networks of mutual support and recognition (connect!), and drawing on our collective strength to actively create new ways of meeting our needs and making our livings (create!).
Miller, Ethan. 2011. "Occupy! Connect! Create! Imagining Life Beyond "The Economy," in Amber Hickey (Ed.) A Guidebook of Alternative Nows. Los Angeles: Journal of Aesthetics and Protest Press.
With the example of a practice scenario, readers can see the practical possibilities that open up with the shift in perspective invited by situational analysis.
Newbury, J. 2011. Situational analysis: Centreless systems and human service practices. Child and Youth Services. 32, 88-107.
Using story and analysis, this paper explores the role of my (maternal) body in producing ethnographic knowledge, re-envisioning ethnographic fieldwork as an embodied relational engagement with a 'site' or 'space' where a multiplicity of trajectories converge.
Dombroski, K. 2011. 'Embodying Research: Maternal bodies, fieldwork, and knowledge production in Northwest China'. Graduate Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies. 7(2): 19-29.
In this chapter I consider what identification is from a social geography perspective. Drawing on fiedwork with indigenous activists in Thailand I explore what identification is, what it means and how it works. Engaging with a range of social theorists such as Michel Foucault, Jacques Lacan, Ernesto Laclau, Judith Butler and J.K. Gibson-Graham I discuss the processes through which we are identified in the systems of governance and power that prevail in the contemporary world and what these processes mean both for how we are subjected to the machinations of power in the world and how we may act within and upon them.
McKinnon, K. (2011) “Identification”, in Del Casino, V., Thomas, M., Panelli, R. A Companion to Social Geography, Blackwell Publishing: 37-54
This paper explores the performative effects of law legal incoporation in the context of worker cooperatives internally governed through consensus, concluding that this representational disjuncture has particular effects on cooperative subjectivity.
Healy, S., 2011. “Cooperation, Surplus Appropriation, and the Law’s Enjoyment,” Rethinking Marxism 23(3): 364-370.
Business as Usual or Economic Innovation?: Work, Markets and Growth in Community and Social Enterprises
This paper explores the different and diverse economic practices that two Community Supported Agriculture initiatives use to enact their ethical commitments. The paper considers what this means for current government support for social and community enterprises.
Cameron, J. 2010, Forthcoming. Business as usual or economic innovations? work, markets and growth in community enterprises, Third Sector Review 16(2).
This paper takes issue with economic discourses that present excessive greed as the central cause of economic crises. We argue that this focus on greed as the catalyst (when harnessed “appropriately”) or the enemy of social order keeps the public debate from deliberating on the particular modes of enjoyment (jouissance) which both shore up and destabilize the dynamics of production, appropriation, distribution and consumption under capitalism. We produce an analysis of the latest crisis of US capitalism that steers away not only from the theoretical humanist categories like "greed", but also from the residual reproductionism that continues to silently inform certain Lacanian analyses.
Özselçuk, C. and Madra, Y. M. 2010. Enjoyment as an Economic Factor: Reading Marx with Lacan, Subjectivity 3(3), 323–347.
This chapter appeared in a volume that brought together work on alternative economic and political forms. My piece is in the section on ‘Alternative spaces of social enterprise and development’ and considers how post-development thinking, such as that present in the work of geographers like J.K. Gibson-Graham or Lakshman Yapa, can support concrete efforts for real change in the world.
McKinnon, K. (2010) “Mapping absence, generating the present”, in Fuller, D., Jonas A.E.G., and Lee, R. (eds) Alternative spaces of economy, society and politics: Interrogating alterity, Ashgate Press: 259-272
This article examines the force of affect in collective action transforming the economy. I draw on my experience at the 2005 World Social Forum to illustrate the operation of affect in collective action.
Roelvink, G. Forthcoming. Collective action and the politics of affect, Emotion, Space and Society.
Cultivating citizen-subjects through collective praxis: organised gardening projects in Australia and the Philippines
Ann Hill, K Hobson
In this chapter we discuss empirical evidence of communal gardening projects through a 'realist governmentality' approach.
Hobson, K. and Hill, A. 2010. Cultivating citizen-subjects through collective praxis: organized gardening projects in Australia and the Philippines, in T. Lewis, and E. Potter (eds) Consuming Ethics, Routledge, London.
Faced with the daunting prospect of global warming and the apparent stalemate in the formal political sphere, this paper explores how human beings are transformed by, and transformative of, the world in which we find ourselves.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. and G. Roelvink. 2010. An economic ethics for the Anthropocene, Antipode 41(1), 320-346.
Traversing Fantasies, Activating Desires: Economic Geography, Activist Research and Psychoanalytic Methodology
This article reviews the growing body of literature produced by geographers who make use of psychoanalytic theory in the course of their research, before considering how Left Lacanian theory was deployed in diverse economies research.
Healy, S., 2010. “Traversing Fantasies, Activating Desires: Economic Geography, Activist Research and Psychoanalytic Methodology,” Professional Geographer, 62(4): 496-506.
Katherine Gibson, A Cahill, D Mckay
This paper draws on ecological ideas to rethink the dynamics of rural economic transformation in the Philippines.
K. Gibson, A. Cahill and D. McKay, 2010 Rethinking the dynamics of rural transformation in a Philippine municipality Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers volume: pages
This article reviews current literature within geography focused on alternative economies, a term that has contradictory effects in a discipline fixated on a realist imagining of the link between "capitalism" and state through neoliberal governance.
Healy, S.,2009. “Alternative Economies.” In Thrift, N. and Kitchin, R.,(eds) The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (Oxford: Elsevier).
In this essay we draw on community economies and ecological humanities scholarship to tackle perhaps the most pressing question of our time—how do we live together with human and non-human others?
Roevlink, G. and J.K. Gibson-Graham. 2009. A postcapitalist politics of dwelling, Australian Humanities Review 46, 145-158.
This review of Peter North's analysis of international alternative currency movements includes a critique from the perspective of community economies theory.
Werner, Karen. 2009. Book Review of Money and Liberation: The Micropolitics of Alternative Currency Movements by Peter North, American Journal of Sociology. 114(5), 1585–7.
Neoliberal subjectivities or a politics of the possible? Reading for difference in alternative food networks
I respond to critique that alternative food movement projects often recreate neoliberal subjectivities, and argue that agrifood scholars should be aware of the ways in which their readings of alternative food networks can guide and reproduce alternative food network practice.
Harris, E.M. 2009. Neoliberal subjectivities or a politics of the possible? Reading for difference in alternative food networks, Area, 41(1), 55–63.
In this chapter we stage a conversation between two innovative and longstanding projects, (1) the multiphase European-based research project on local social innovation that is represented in this book and (2) the Community Economies project which is engaged in rethinking economy through action research in Australia, the Philippines and the US.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. and G. Roelvink. 2009. Social innovation for community economies, in D. MacCallum, F. Moulaert, J. Hillier and S. Haddock (eds) Social Innovation and Territorial Development, Ashgate, Farnham, UK, 25-37.
This article draws on the work of Bruno Latour and Eve Sedgwick to examine the ways in which two documentary films are broadening the horizons of economy.
Roelvink, G. 2009. Broadening the horizons of economy. Jouranl of Cultural Economy 2(3), 325-344.
Reflecting on the process of field research this paper explores the challenges of bringing together empirical research and the experience of doing development work, with the complex and often speculative theorising of contemporary political and social philosophy.
McKinnon, K.I. 2008. Taking postdevelopment theory to the field: Issues in development research, Northern Thailand, Asia Pacific Viewpoint. 49(3), 281-293.
Informal caregiving frequently exacts a heavy psychic and physical toll on subjects that perform it while simultaneously figuring as a source of deep ethical meaning, raising questions about how to account for both dimensions in a politics of health care reform.
Healy, S. 2008. “Caring for Ethics and the Politics of Health Care Reform,” Gender, Place and Culture, 15(3): 267-284.
Explores how the idea of sustainable development might be transformed from an impossible dream (sabotaged at every turn by the force various identified as "capitalism", "the market," "modernization," and "development") into a realistic and attainble project for organizations and communities.
Healy. S. and J. Graham. 2008. Building Community Economies: A Postcapitalist Project of Sustainable Development, in D. Ruccio, ed, Economic Representations: Academic and Everyday. Routledge, New York, 291-314.
Katherine Gibson, M Pretes
Diverse economic possibilities in Kiribati
Gibson, K. and M. Pretes. 2008. Openings in the body of capitalism: capital flows and diverse economic posibilities in Kiribati, Asia Pacific Viewpoint 49(3), 381-391.
Gibson-Graham, JK. 2008. Diverse economies: performative practices for 'other worlds', Progress in Human Geography 32(5), 613-632.
This paper addresses three topics: an easy-to-understand review of money and complementary currencies; five steps for implementing a complementary currency; and the value of complementary currencies in theory and practice.
Werner, Karen. 2008. Understanding and Reclaiming Money Creation: Our Experiences Creating the North Quabbin Timebank, Solidarity Economy: Building Alternatives for People and Planet, edited by the Solidarity Economy Work Group, conference proceedings from the U.S. Social Forum, pp. 139-154.
In response to the accusation that development can only serve to perpetuate uneven power between the '1st' and '3rd' worlds, this paper explores possibilities for new postdevelopment approaches founded on an understanding of development as a political engagement.
McKinnon, K. 2007. Postdevelopment, professionalism and the politics of participation, Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 97(4): 772-785
This article discusses the power of telling different economic stories, and making connections between diverse initiatives, in the work of imagining and enacting more just and joyful community economies.
Miller, E. 2007. Independence from the Corporate Economy, Yes! Magazine Winter Issue.
A book review about J.K. Gibson-Graham's A Post-Capitalist Politics in Critical Sociology.
Werner, Karen. 2007. Book Review of A Post-Capitalist Politics by J.K. Gibson-Graham. Critical Sociology. (33), 357–358.
This review artilce asks, how is it that Elyachar’s book, Markets of Dispossession, is able to contribute both to critical Marxist research documenting and analysing neoliberalism and also to a post-structural performative approach to market networks?
Roelvink, G. 2007. Review article: performing the market, Social Identities 13(1), 125-133.
The first paper published during my PhD studies, this article explores how the movement to obtain citizenship rights for highland minorities in Thailand is carefully engaging with dominant discourses of ‘Thai-ness’ in ways that open up the incompleteness of Thai state hegemony.
McKinnon, K. (2005) “(Im)Mobilisation and Hegemony: ‘Hill Tribe’ Subjects and the ‘Thai’ State”, The Journal of Social and Cultural Geography, 6 (1): 31-46
Discussion of the history and concept of "solidarity economy" and possible implementations in the U.S. context.
Miller, E. 2006. Other Economies Are Possible: Organizing Toward an Economy of Cooperation and Solidarity, Dollars and Sense 266(July/August).
An orthodoxy of ‘the local’: post-colonialism, participation and professionalism in northern Thailand
The emergence of a participatory orthodoxy in the development industry has had enormous positive impact, however discourses of participation are also being used in surprisingly political ways. This paper explores how a ‘pro-local’ discourse amongst development professionals in northern Thailand is being deployed in ways that undermine the goals of empowerment and emancipation that are central to the aims of participatory approaches.
McKinnon, K. (2006) “An orthodoxy of ‘the local’: post-colonialism, participation and professionalism in northern Thailand”, The Geographical Journal, 172 (1): 22-34
This paper cowritten with Ken Byrne uses the psychoanalytic concept of fantasy to explore how people are attached to particular notions of economy, by way of contrast we explore how worker cooperators in Argentina's newly formed worker cooperatives experience their economic subjectivity.
Byrne, K. and S. Healy, 2006. “Co-operative Subjects: Towards a Post-Fantasmatic Enjoyment of the Economy,” Rethinking Marxism 18(2): 241-258.
Politics and professionalism in community development: examining intervention in the highlands of northern Thailand
This paper offers a synopsis of the key findings of my PhD Thesis which explored the politics of development practice and theories of postdevelopment. Drawing on a series of case studies from northern Thailand, I argue that development is always political, whether it is being shaped by a politics of emancipation or the international geopolitical concerns of the day. Thus what is required in development practice is a much more aware engagement with the political dynamics at play.
McKinnon, K. (2005) “Politics and professionalism in community development: examining intervention in the highlands of northern Thailand” Centre for Indigenous Governance and Development Working Paper Series, December.
Beyond green capitalism: Providing an alternative discourse for the environmental movement and natural resource management
Elizabeth (Za) Barron, Elizabeth Barron
In this paper interpreting mushroom hunting as part of the diverse economy facilitates its place independent of environmental protection strategies like “green capitalism,” which fail in part because they ignore non-capitalist resource use and extraction activities that do not fit within market oriented approaches to resource management.
Barron, E.S. 2005. Beyond green capitalism: Providing an alternative discourse for the environmental movement and natural resource management. Middle States Geographer, 38, 69-76.
Alternative Pathways to Community and Economic Development: The Latrobe Valley Community Partnering Project
Based on the Latrobe Valley Community Partnering Project, this paper introduces new ways of understanding disadvantaged areas, the economy, community and the research process in order to open up new ways of addressing social and economic issues.
Cameron, J. & Gibson, K. 2005. Alternative pathways to community and economic development: The Latrobe Valley community partnering project, Geographical Research 43(3), 274-85.
Cameron, J. 2005. Focussing on the focus group, in Iain Hay (ed.) Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Chapter 8.
This paper introduces a poststructuralist influenced participatory action research project seeking to develop new pathways for economic and community development in the context of a declining region.
Cameron, J. & Gibson, K. 2005. Participatory action research in a poststructuralist vein, Geoforum 36(3), 315-31.
Elaborates an economic and social policy response to disadvantage that builds on the skills and ideas of marginalised groups.
Gibson, K. & Cameron. J. 2005. Building Community Economies in Marginalised Areas, in P. Smyth, T. Reddel & A. Jones (eds) Community and Local Governance in Australia, UNSW Press, Sydney, 149-166.
A pamphlet discussing the concept of "solidarity economy" as a tool for linking and strengthening emerging networks of cooperative economic projects. Written for use in community and popular education contexts.
Miller, E. 2005. Solidarity Economics: Building Other Economies from the Bottom-Up and the Inside-Out, Greene, ME: JED Collective.
This article discusses the use of GIS for an alternative analysis of the transition to capitalism in Moscow, Russia in the 1990s. Following the argument for incorporating quantitative methods into feminist research agendas, the article illustrates how GIS can be part of a critical and feminist analysis of economic transition.
Pavlovskaya, M. 2002. "Mapping urban change and changing GIS: Other views of economic restructuring," Gender, place and culture: A journal of feminist geography, V 9 (3): 281 – 289
This article examines survival strategies of urban households in post-socialist cities during the transition from the Soviet system to a market economy. The article links the outcomes of systemic transformation to the daily lives of households and connects urban change induced by mass privatization to class and gender processes inside the households. These “other transitions” in everyday class and gender processes are consistently overlooked by macroeconomic approaches that dominate among transition theorists and policy consultants.
Pavlovskaya, M. 2004. “Other transitions: Multiple economies of Moscow households in the 1990s." The Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 94(2), pp. 329–351.
Situates contemporary evaluations of the Îsuccessâ of Spainâs Mondragon cooperative complex within a tradition of debate about the politics of economic transformation and argues for the development of an economics of surplus that can guide ethical decisions in community economies.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2003. Enabling Ethical Economies: Cooperativism and Class, Critical Sociology 29(2), 123-161.
Principles and practices for cultivating a local ethics of economic transformation.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2003. An Ethics of the Local, Rethinking Marxism 15(1), 49-74.
Exploring how recent feminist thinkers are attempting to add women into the economy.
Cameron J. and J. K. Gibson-Graham. 2003. Feminising the Economy: metaphors, strategies, politics, Gender, Place & Culture 10(2), 145-157.
Offers a counter to the common denigration of local economic politics 'in the face of globalization'.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2002. Beyond global vs local: Economic politics outside the binary frame, in A. Herod and M. Wright (eds) Geographies of power: Placing scale, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, 25-60.
Julie Graham, Stephen Healy, Kenneth Byrne
Outlines the Rethinking Economy action research project in the Pioneer Valley of Massachusetts, highlighting the role of academy-community partnerships in constructing community economies.
Graham, J., S. Healy and K. Byrne. 2002. Constructing the community economy: civic professionalism and the politics of sustainable regions, Journal of Appalachian Studies 8(1), 50-61.
How women's activism in the Philippines, China and Papua New Guinea is helping build and strengthen community economies.
Gibson, K. 2002. Women and economic activism in the Asia Pacific region, Development 45(1), 74-79.
A review of Australian research and policy interventions aimed at communities and regions from the perspective of the Community Economies Project
Gibson, K. and J. Cameron. 2001.Transforming communities: towards a research agenda, Urban Policy and Research 19(1), 7-24.
Outlines the 'politics of becoming' associated with desiring and building communal economies.
The Community Collective. 2001. Imagining and enacting non-capitalist futures, Socialist Review 28(3), 93-135.
Negotiating restructuring: a study of regional communities experiencing rapid social and economic change
Jenny Cameron, Katherine Gibson, A Veno
How two communities in regional Victoria, Australia are beginning to rethink their relationship to processes of economic restructuring.